Environmental Issues In Poland
Poland’s environment was not
good many years ago during the communist regime. Now, the
environmental has improved. This was possible because the government
increased their awareness of issues about the environment. The focus
on heavy industries also decreased. Many forests, however, were lost
in World War II, and the country has not recovered yet. After the
war, Poland lost around 4 million acres of forestland. Contaminants
from planes and acid rain damaged 75 percent of the forests in
Poland in the mid 90s.
During the 90s, environmental issues in Poland involved air, land,
and water pollution. The air had various dust and chemicals, such as
lead, carbon dioxide, ammonia, fluoride, nitrogen compounds,
formaldehyde, and cadmium. Carbon dioxide emission levels were high
in the Poland. The country was ranked 12th in the world for high
carbon dioxide levels. There were 341.8 million metric tons, and the
total increased two years later at 356 million tons. Many regions
were affected, but the Katowice region was affected the most. The
levels of dust and sulfur increased beyond dangerous levels. Animals
were affected by the environmental issues as well. Some of the
habitats degenerated. Many animals were endangered, and some animals
were treated with extinction.
The quality of the air is a major concern for Poland’s environmental
policy. Although the air has improved slowly, other problems still
occur. During the summer, ozone concentrations are an issue. Winter
time involves issues with excessive concentrations of particulate
matter. Also, the country has to decrease levels of nitrogen dioxide
because it is also found in the air. Other contaminants are also
common, but they are not a major concern. These minor contaminants
are sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, benzene, and various metals.
Ozone can travel great distances. There are excessive amounts of
ozone found in the southern parts of Poland. The concentration
levels in northern areas of Poland are low levels of ground level
ozone Efforts have been made to reduce the ozone, but it still
remains an issue. Levels are the highest during the cold, winter
months. Emissions increase due to thermal energy plants. This
increases the chances of dispersion at ground level.
A few cities in Poland, however, do not have to worry about ozone
pollution. Cities that are found in mountains or river valleys are
shielded for pollution in the air because the mountains and valleys
Pollution issues in Poland are not great for the population. A small
solid and particles made of liquid combine to make particulates.
Particulates cause lung problems and cardiovascular problems because
they can enter the respiratory system. The overall number of people
who were exposed to particulates were at five percent in 2005. This
is based on an annual exposure limit. The percentage of daily
exposure was higher at 45 percent. The pollution level has now,
however, improved for the population of Poland.
Car pollution is not a big issue for the country. Although the
number of cars have increased, the levels of nitrogen dioxide is
just slightly over the recommended amount. Car pollution levels are
the highest in urban areas where pollutants generally occur.
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