Environmental issues in Russia
Russia, like most modern countries, faces a number of environmental issues. Many of these are directly tied to the country's history, as several policies enacted during the Soviet Union's leadership were enacted with little regard for the surrounding environment. Each of Russia's largest environmental issues is tied directly to the rise and fall of the Soviet empire, and there are many to consider. Here are a list of the most prevalent issues Russia faces today in terms of environment, followed by an explanation of the history behind each, and efforts being made today to combat them.
There are a variety of animals living in Russia that are on the list of globally endangered species, or at serious risk. These include animals like the Siberian Tiger, Polar Bear, and Caucasian Leopard.
Russia has a proud tradition of hunting, and such animals were once prized for their high-quality, dense pelts. Some of these traditions survive today in Russia, despite laws making hunting for such animals illegal. There are many creatures still at risk in the country. Despite this, many nature preserves have been established around the country, and recent conferences hope to spread awareness of the risk these animals face.
Energy Usage & Air Pollution
The largest issue currently
facing Russia is energy consumption, and the resulting pollution it
brings. The majority of Russia, because of low funding and outdated
equipment, relies on burning fossil fuels. This contributes
massively to air pollution, which is an ongoing problem in the
country to this date.
Much of Russia is still extremely uninhabited, and that has resulted in the country having a large percentage of its water reserves polluted. Russia does not have the funding required to put water treatment plants in all parts of the country, a serious problem for its citizens in more remote areas. In addition to this, factories pump dangerous chemicals into nearby waters to this day, as the same lack of funding prevents necessary monitoring of local plants.
Russia's greatest surviving
problem from its days as part of the Soviet Union is outdated
nuclear facilities and waste storage techniques. Many plants
surviving from the Cold War era are today outdated and unsafe. Such
plants have higher accident risks, and could cause serious problems
if allowed to operate at current rates in the near future.
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